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MySQL User Permissions for a Magento/Flex Cloud Plan

February 17, 2022


MySQL User Permissions for a Magento/Flex Cloud Plan


Grant, modify, and delete MySQL user permissions for a Magento/Flex Cloud Plan easily using the Nexcess Cloud SiteWorx Control Panel in the Client Portal.

MySQL User Account Management: How to Manage MySQL Database User Permissions for a Magento/Flex Cloud Plan

Are you a Nexcess client using a Magento/Flexible Cloud Plan? This page contains information about how to grant, modify, and delete permissions for a MySQL user using the Nexcess Cloud SiteWorx Control Panel. With proper permissions, users can manage the database via remote database access.

Overview

This article will cover MySQL user account management for admins. MySQL is an open source database management software that helps users store, organize, and retrieve data. There are various options for granting specific users detailed privileges on tables and databases. This guide provides a brief overview of how easily you can manage MySQL user permissions for your Magento/Flexible Cloud Plan using the Nexcess Cloud SiteWorx Control Panel.


Attention: This article only applies to Nexcess clients using Magento and Flexible Cloud Plans. If you use our Managed WordPress or Managed WooCommerce Plans, do not hesitate to contact our 24/7 support team by email or through the Client Portal for assistance.

Nexcess Client Portal


Log in to your Nexcess Client Portal and pick the product plan you have with Nexcess.


What Do You Need?

Are you looking forward to setting up MySQL user permissions for the database? You can accomplish this by using the Nexcess Cloud SiteWorx Control Panel available for our Magento/Flexible Cloud Plan users.

Procedures for Granting MySQL Database Permissions

Step #1: Log in to your Nexcess Client Portal


Navigate to the URL for the Nexcess Client Portal log in. 

Step #2: Navigate to the Control Panel page

Navigate to the Control Panel page and click on Plans:




Either click the name of your Magento/Flexible Cloud Plan service, or select Plan Dashboard from the menu options:



From the dashboard, select the Menu > Control Panel option: 



Step #3: Launch the SiteWorx Control Panel


Click the Launch Control Panel button:




Your browser will redirect you to the Cloud Siteworx Control Panel home page.:




Step #4: Navigate to the MySQL section


Navigate to the MySQL section and from the SiteWorx main menu, click Hosting Features > MySQL > Databases:


Step #5: Grant user permissions for a user on the MySQL database


On the Cloud SiteWorx Control Panel, navigate to the Hosting Features > MySQL > Databases > Existing Databases option. The Existing Databases section displays all the databases that you have on the current Magento or Flexible Cloud Plan:




Click on Manage Users to Add, Modify and Delete user privileges. 

Attention: Privileges determine how users can interact with a database. This will, for instance, determine whether the user can add, modify and delete information:

  1. User - Choose the user from the user list for which you desire to grant permissions to the selected MySQL database.

  2. MySQL User Permissions - Select your user's privileges when operating with your database. If you are not sure which privileges should be chosen, click the CHECK ALL option so all the privileges can be granted to your MySQL user. 

  3. When Connecting From - By default, this value is set to localhost. But if you are trying to connect it from a remote database/software you may need to add the IP address of the host or use if it is a dynamic IP address:


To save the new user permissions, click on Add.

Procedures for Modifying Existing MySQL Database Permissions

The Existing Permissions section displays current permissions/privileges a user has while connecting from a host. To update the current permissions, click on the Edit option.



Once you have made the desired changes, click on Save.

List of User Permissions

The following table defines the permissions available for application to a specific MySQL database user account.

User Permissions & Operations Allowed   

User Permissions

Operations Allowed

All Privileges

Grants a MySQL user full access to a specific database.

Grant Option

Allow a user to grant or remove another user's privileges. 

Select

With ‘SELECT’ permission, users can read the contents of a table.

Create

Allows users to create new databases or tables.

Alter

Allows users to alter the table structure.

Show Database

Allow a user to view a list of all databases.

Insert

Allows users to insert rows in tables.

Drop

Drop or remove existing databases and tables. For example, if this permission is enabled for a user, the user will be able to drop the database in which the MySQL access privileges are stored.

Create Temporary Table

Create temporary tables.

Create Routine

Create stored routines, procedures, and functions.

Update

Allows users to update the rows in a table.

References

Not currently used.

Lock Tables

Lock tables in the database.

Alter Routine

Modify or alter stored routines.

Delete

Delete data and rows in database tables.

Index

Create or remove indexes.

Create View

Create a new view.

Execute

Allow a user to execute stored routines.


Common Errors & Resolutions

If the user gets the following error, they are lacking corresponding permissions:



Take the following steps to remedy this error condition:

  1. Check if you are trying to connect using the correct database user and the password.

  2. Check if the database username is spelled correctly.

  3. You might be trying to access the server from a host that is different from the defined host name. You will encounter Error 1045 in this case, which usually occurs when:

  • You enter an incorrect password or password for your database, so fixing these credentials can resolve this error.

  • You probably have an anonymous user '@'localhost' or '@'127.0.0.1'. The recommended solution is to authenticate the user when connecting from '%' host. You can do this in the MySQL user permissions page by adding '%' in ‘When Connecting From’ (see above).


Database connection error: SQLSTATE[28000] [1045] Access denied for user 'a111160_0c0bdc'@'127.0.0.1' (using password: YES)


  • This error implies you connected anonymously, which likely means using a database username that doesn't exist. This condition commonly happens when you restore the database dump from one of your local MySQL installations. Try connecting using a valid database username such as ‘test@%’. You may locate your database username and database name in the Nexces Client Portal.

ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user '' @ 'localhost' to database 'mysql'


If you feel lost or require a little help with your databases, our Technical Support Team is available 24/7/365 — and 366 days in leap years!

Conclusion

You should know how to grant permission in MySQL for a user assigned to a database. Depending on your needs, you may wish to explore different permissions settings for your database or learn about some higher-level MySQL configurations.

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Paul Stubblefield
Paul Stubblefield


Nexcess Knowledge Base Owner
Content Marketing in Nexcess Digital Marketing
Nexcess, A Liquid Web Brand

Paul Stubblefield
— Technical Writer & Knowledge Management Professional

"Delivering the next generation of life-enhancing technology platforms, software solutions, and mobile-ready applications for technology pioneers, thought leaders, and market innovators in a robustly connected world."

Paul lives in Bonita Springs, Florida, USA. He is an aficionado of art, coffee, good-natured humor, lifelong learning, music, nature, pets, technology, world cultures, and his Zen Patio Garden project.