By reducing your website complexity by being integrated with headless WordPress, Gatsby can provide enhanced performance and security to leverage site wide.
Can I Use WordPress as Headless CMS?
With its worldwide standing as the most popular CMS in use, WordPress is super flexible. Its open-source foundation easily allows you to use WordPress as a headless CMS.
A headless CMS separates the presentation layer from the content store and system. A traditional CMS integrates the front end and back end closely in the architectural layers.
Using GatsbyJS with Your WordPress Site
WordPress remains one of the most popular content management systems powering more than 30% of websites worldwide. While it can be considered a database-driven system, the development of the Rest API has made it possible to transform the platform into a headless CMS. GatsbyJS is one of the fastest front-end frameworks to use with headless WordPress for various reasons. In this article, we will learn what GatsbyJS is, how to integrate it with your WordPress site and why the concept of a headless CMS opened a new page in website building.
Overview of the GatsbyJS
GatsbyJS is a fast and reliable frontend framework powered by for building modern websites and applications. As a static content generator, it provides an alternative to database-driven content management systems by generating HTML pages deployed during the build process. WordPress integration with GatsbyJS has made it possible for website owners to leverage all the headless architecture's benefits for making your WordPress site faster and more secure.
By default, WordPress utilizes PHP for building dynamic web pages, while all content is stored within the database. Web pages are rendered to the visitors by a web server after the requested data is retrieved from the database and merged with template files to generate an HTML page. This approach has been used for a long time and can be considered traditional and reliable.
WordPress Integration with GatsbyJS: Pros and Cons
Using Gatsby as a Jamstack-powered static content generator to integrate with your WordPress site provides a wide range of benefits. Still, this approach also has its drawbacks that need to be taken into account. Let’s look at the pros and cons of the WordPress integration with GatsbyJS.
We can define the three main advantages of using GatsbyJS with your WordPress site:
Reduced site complexity. Static content generators significantly reduce your WordPress site complexity by skipping database management in the content rendering process.
Increased speed and reliability. Due to the website’s reduced complexity, your web pages load considerably faster and utilize fewer hosting resources. In addition, GatsbyJS websites can be hosted anywhere; you can serve static content via a and use an object storage service.
Enhanced security. A headless CMS has fewer to no connections to databases or web servers, providing a "smaller attack surface" per se. However, it's important to note that sites powered by Jamstack can still be affected by cross-site scripting attacks.
While it seems like GatsbyJS could be a perfect solution for every WordPress website, several limitations can make you want to stick to the database-driven CMS which WordPress the default scenario.
No dynamic content. The system’s reduced complexity can also be considered a disadvantage. GatsbyJS can only serve static content, which means you cannot continue using contact forms or comments on your WordPress website as quickly as before.
More technical knowledge required. As GatsbyJS relies on ReactJS and GraphQL, its users need to have at least some basic understanding of the Jamstack.
Frequent builds. GatsbyJS is not convenient for frequent changes to the website as changes require running the build process to recompile your website.
GatsbyJS can help you create faster, more secure websites with reduced site complexity and lower costs. The platform is perfect for product demo websites and portfolios. In addition, dynamic websites often require database-driven architecture.
Details Involved with a GatsbyJS & WordPress Integration
The process of WordPress integration with GatsbyJS is pretty straightforward and consists of three main steps:
Set up the development environment.
Install and configure GatsbyJS.
- Connect Gatsby to WordPress.
Step #1: Set Up the Development Environment
Installing and configuring the GatsbyJS includes setting up our Gatsby environment and creating a new project. The official Gatsby plugin is a Node.js package, so to have it installed, you need to have Node.js (v14.15 or newer) and NPM installed in your environment. Gatsby also requires Git, so be sure you have the version control system installed.
The Gatsby Command Line Interface (CLI) is what we need to get started. It can be installed using NPM, as shown below:
Version 3 or newer is required, so once you install the Gatsby CLI, you can run the gatsby --version command to ensure you have the correct one installed.
Step #2: Install & Configure GatsbyJS
Once we have the Gatsby CLI installed using NPM, we can install the Gatsby solutions for WordPress integration and create our first GatsbyJS project.
First, we need to install two WordPress plugins on our website, WPGatsby and WPGraphQL. The WPGatsby plugin optimizes your WordPress website to be used as a data source for the GatsbyJS. WPGraphQL helps you get started with GraphQL by providing the GraphQL schema and API for WordPress.
Once the plugins are installed, we can move on to creating a new GatsbyJS project. Run the gatsby new command to set up a new GatsbyJS website. Here the name of our new project directory is wordpress-site, but you can change it to anything you like. A new GatsbJS site will be created in the wordpress-site directory using the Gatsby starter template. Make sure to move to the new project directory before we can proceed with the Gatsby plugin installation:
Now it's time to install the Gatsby Source WordPress plugin. We will again use NPM for its installation:
Step #3: Connect GatsbyJS to WordPress
Once we have the Gatsby Source WordPress plugin installed and the WPGatsby and WPGraphQL plugins added to our WordPress website, we can get a connection established between WordPress and the new Gatsby project.
Open the gatsby-config.js file using the preferred text editor and modify the url option to connect the GraphQL endpoint you created by installing WPGraphQL in your WordPress installation. By default, it would be https://your-wordpress-website/graphql:
The GraphQL endpoint is the only thing you need to add to the gatsby-config.js file. Next, it's time to run the gatsby develop command for the Gatsby Source WordPress plugin to fetch all available public data from WPGraphQL. It will only fetch the data that changed to keep builds quick on further builds:
That’s it! We have connected our new GatsbyJS project to our WordPress website. As a result, we can easily create new page templates and GraphQL queries that will be pulling data from WordPress.
Conclusion: GatsbyJS with WordPress
GatsbyJS is a powerful static content generator that provides an alternative to the database-driven website architecture employed by most WordPress websites. Reducing your website complexity by being integrated with headless WordPress can provide enhanced performance and security to leverage. Additionally, you can set up your production environment and connect your WordPress website to a new or existing Gatsby project with the help of the Gatsby Source WordPress tool. After the connection has been established, you will get access to endless customization possibilities the front-end framework provides.
Nexcess has transformed the concept of Managed Hosting to present you with the best solutions for your WordPress website. A faster, more secure, and scalable website is what you are getting when choosing one of the Nexcess Managed WordPress Hosting plans optimized for the platform. We have gathered the best tutorials in our Nexcess Knowledge Base to help you integrate your WordPress website with the most outstanding solutions to enhance your hosting experience and make your life as a website owner more manageable. So check out our Managed WordPress plans to start today!
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Resources for More Information
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Migrating to Nexcess with managed WordPress and managed WooCommerce hosting
- Going live with your site in Managed WordPress and Managed WooCommerce hosting
- WordPress Database Size: Find WP DB Size with WP-CLI
- WordPress Database Search: WP DB Search with WP-CLI
- Tuning Your MySQL Database for Performance